核心基础以及Fragment与Activity传递数据完整示例

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MainActivity如下:

package cc.testsimplefragment0;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.FragmentTransaction;
import cc.testsimplefragment0.TitlesListFragment.TitlesListFragmentCallBack;
/**
 * Demo描述:
 * Fragment基本使用以及Fragment与Activity之间数据的传递
 * 
 * 参考资料:
 * Android疯狂讲义(第二版)
 * 
 * 备注说明:
 * 利用接口实现Fragment与Activity的信息传递.
 * 这个思路是不错的.
 * 在此总结一下Fragment与Activity之间交换数据的方式:
 * 1 Activity向Fragment传递数据
 *   fragment.setArguments(bundle)
 * 2 Fragment向Activity传递数据
 *   在Fragment内部定义一个回调接口.让包含该Fragment的
 *   Activity实现该接口.这样Fragment就可调用该回调方法
 *   将数据传给Activity
 * 
 */
public class MainActivity extends Activity implements TitlesListFragmentCallBack{

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.main);
    
  }

  //实现TitlesListFragmentCallBack接口中的方法
  @Override
  public void onItemSelected(int index) {
    DetailFragment detailFragment=new DetailFragment();
    Bundle bundle=new Bundle();
    bundle.putInt(Data.ID, index);
    //向detailFragment传入参数
    detailFragment.setArguments(bundle);
    
    //开始Fragment的事务Transaction
    FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = getFragmentManager().beginTransaction();
    //替换容器(container)原来的Fragment
    fragmentTransaction.replace(R.id.relativeLayoutContainer, detailFragment); 
    //设置转换效果
    fragmentTransaction.setTransition(FragmentTransaction.TRANSIT_FRAGMENT_FADE); 
    //将事务添加到Back栈.即按下Back键时回到替换Fragment之前的状态.类似于Activity的返回
    fragmentTransaction.addToBackStack(null);
    //提交事务
    fragmentTransaction.commit(); 
  }

  

}

TitlesListFragment如下:

package cc.testsimplefragment0;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.ListFragment;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
/**
 * 备注说明:
 * 因为是继承自ListFragment
 * 所以不用覆写onCreateView()方法
 *
 */
public class TitlesListFragment extends ListFragment {
  private TitlesListFragmentCallBack mTitlesListFragmentCallBack;
  @Override
  public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    //设置适配器
    ArrayAdapter<String> arrayAdapter=
    new ArrayAdapter<String>(getActivity(),android.R.layout.simple_list_item_checked, Data.TITLES);
    setListAdapter(arrayAdapter); 
    
  }
  
  //当该Fragment被添加,显示到Activity时调用该方法
  //在此判断显示到的Activity是否已经实现了接口
  @Override
  public void onAttach(Activity activity) {
    super.onAttach(activity);
    if (!(activity instanceof TitlesListFragmentCallBack)) {
      throw new IllegalStateException("TitlesListFragment所在的Activity必须实现TitlesListFragmentCallBack接口");
    }
    mTitlesListFragmentCallBack=(TitlesListFragmentCallBack) activity;
  }
  
  //当该Fragment从它所属的Activity中被删除时调用该方法
  @Override
  public void onDetach() {
    super.onDetach();
    mTitlesListFragmentCallBack=null;
  }
  
  //点击ListFragment中某个条目时调用该方法
  @Override
  public void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {
    super.onListItemClick(l, v, position, id);
    mTitlesListFragmentCallBack.onItemSelected(position);
    //设置ListView为单选模式
    getListView().setChoiceMode(ListView.CHOICE_MODE_SINGLE);
    //显示选中的条目
    getListView().setItemChecked(position, true); 
  }
  
  //定义一个业务接口
  //该Fragment所在Activity需要实现该接口
    //该Fragment将通过此接口与它所在的Activity交互
  public interface TitlesListFragmentCallBack{
    public void onItemSelected(int index);
  }

}

DetailFragment如下:

package cc.testsimplefragment0;

import android.app.Fragment;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class DetailFragment extends Fragment {
  private int id=0;
  @Override
  public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    if (getArguments().containsKey(Data.ID)) {
      id=getArguments().getInt(Data.ID);
    }
  }
  
  @Override
  public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    View view=inflater.inflate(R.layout.detail_fragment, container, false);
    TextView titleTextView=(TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.titleTextView);
    titleTextView.setText(Data.TITLES[id]);
    
    TextView detailTextView=(TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.detailTextView);
    detailTextView.setText(Data.DETAILS[id]);
    
    return view;
  }

}

Data如下:

package cc.testsimplefragment0;
public final class Data {
  public static final String ID="id";
  //标题
    public static final String[] TITLES = { "标题1","标题2", "标题3","标题4"};
    //内容
    public static final String[] DETAILS = { "内容1","内容2", "内容3","内容4"};
}

main.xml如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!-- 定义一个水平排列的LinearLayout,并指定使用中等分隔条 -->
<LinearLayout
  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  android:orientation="horizontal"
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="match_parent"
  android:layout_marginLeft="16dp"
  android:layout_marginRight="16dp"
  android:divider="?android:attr/dividerHorizontal"
  android:showDividers="middle">
  
  <!-- 添加一个Fragment -->
  <fragment
      android:id="@+id/titlesListFragment"
    android:name="cc.testsimplefragment0.TitlesListFragment"
    android:layout_width="0dp"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_weight="1" />
  
  <!-- 添加一个RelativeLayout容器 -->
  <RelativeLayout
    android:id="@+id/relativeLayoutContainer"
    android:layout_width="0dp"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_weight="3" />
  
</LinearLayout>

detail_fragment.xml如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <!-- 显示标题 -->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/titleTextView"
        style="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:padding="16dp" />

    <!-- 显示详细 -->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/detailTextView"
        style="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:padding="16dp" />

</LinearLayout>

AndroidManifest.xml如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="cc.testsimplefragment0"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0" >

    <uses-sdk
        android:minSdkVersion="14"
        android:targetSdkVersion="14" />

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
        <activity
            android:name="cc.testsimplefragment0.MainActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>
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