asp.net 网页编码自动识别代码_实用技巧

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using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Text;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

class Program
{
// 获取网页的HTML内容,根据网页的charset自动判断Encoding
static string GetHtml(string url)
{
return GetHtml(url, null);
}

// 获取网页的HTML内容,指定Encoding
static string GetHtml(string url, Encoding encoding)
{
byte[] buf = new WebClient().DownloadData(url);
if (encoding != null) return encoding.GetString(buf);
string html = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(buf);
encoding = GetEncoding(html);
if (encoding == null || encoding == Encoding.UTF8) return html;
return encoding.GetString(buf);
}

// 根据网页的HTML内容提取网页的Encoding
static Encoding GetEncoding(string html)
{
string pattern = @"(?i)\bcharset=(?<charset>[-a-zA-Z_0-9]+)";
string charset = Regex.Match(html, pattern).Groups["charset"].Value;
try { return Encoding.GetEncoding(charset); }
catch (ArgumentException) { return null; }
}

// 程序入口
static void Main()
{
Console.WriteLine(GetHtml(http://www.jb51.net));

Console.Read();
}
}
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