拦截asp.net输出流并进行处理的方法_实用技巧

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本文实例主要实现对已经生成了HTML的页面做一些输出到客户端之前的处理。

方法的实现原理是:把Response的输出重定向到自定义的容器内,也就是我们的StringBuilder对象里,在HTML所有的向页面输出都变成了向StringBuilder输出,然后我们对StringBuilder处理完成之后,再把Response的输出重定向到原来的页面上,然后再通过Response.Write方法把StringBuilder的内容输出到页面上。

这里之所以用反射,是因为Response对象的OutPut属性是只读的,通过反编译该类的程序集发现,OutPut实际上是内部私有成员 _writer来实现输出的。因此通过反射来改写该成员的值以实现输出流的重定向。

具体功能代码如下:

using System; 
using System.Collections.Generic; 
using System.Linq; 
using System.Web; 
using System.Web.UI; 
using System.Web.UI.WebControls; 
using System.Text; 
using System.IO; 
using System.Reflection; 
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page  
{ 
  StringBuilder content = new StringBuilder(); 
  TextWriter tw_old, tw_new; 
  FieldInfo tw_field; 
  protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) 
  { 
    var context = HttpContext.Current; 
 
    tw_old = context.Response.Output;//Response原来的OutPut 
    tw_new = new StringWriter(content);//一个StringWriter,用来获取页面内容 
    var type_rp = context.Response.GetType(); 
    //通过反射获取对象的私有字段 
    tw_field = type_rp.GetField("_writer", System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Public | System.Reflection.BindingFlags.NonPublic | System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Instance); 
    tw_field.SetValue(context.Response, tw_new); 
  } 
  protected override void Render(HtmlTextWriter writer) 
  { 
    base.Render(writer); 
    //替换回Response的OutPut 
    tw_field.SetValue(HttpContext.Current.Response, tw_old); 
    //做自己的处理 
    content.AppendLine("<!--江湖小子-->"); 
    HttpContext.Current.Response.Write(content.ToString()); 
  } 
} 
 

方法二,用HttpModul来实现:  

using System; 
using System.Collections.Generic; 
using System.Linq; 
using System.Web; 
using System.Web.UI; 
using System.IO; 
using System.Text; 
using System.Reflection; 
/// <summary> 
///HttpModule 的摘要说明 
/// </summary> 
public class HttpModule : IHttpModule 
{ 
  private HttpApplication _contextApplication; 
  private TextWriter tw_new, tw_old; 
  private StringBuilder _content; 
  private FieldInfo tw_field; 
  public void Init(HttpApplication context) 
  { 
    _contextApplication = context; 
    _contextApplication.PreRequestHandlerExecute += new EventHandler(_contextApplication_PreRequestHandlerExecute); 
  } 
  public void Dispose() 
  { 
    _contextApplication = null; 
    _contextApplication.Dispose(); 
  } 
  public void _contextApplication_PreRequestHandlerExecute(object sender, EventArgs e) 
  { 
    HttpContext context = _contextApplication.Context; 
 
    var _page = context.Handler as System.Web.UI.Page; 
    _page.Unload += new EventHandler(_page_Unload); 
 
    _content = new StringBuilder(); 
    tw_old = context.Response.Output;//Response原来的OutPut 
    tw_new = new StringWriter(_content);//一个StringWriter,用来获取页面内容 
    var type_rp = context.Response.GetType(); 
    tw_field = type_rp.GetField("_writer", System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Public | System.Reflection.BindingFlags.NonPublic | System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Instance); 
    tw_field.SetValue(context.Response, tw_new); 
  } 
  void _page_Unload(object sender, EventArgs e) 
  { 
    //替换回Response的OutPut 
    tw_field.SetValue(HttpContext.Current.Response, tw_old); 
    //做自己的处理 
    _content.AppendLine("<!--江湖小子-->"); 
    HttpContext.Current.Response.Write(_content.ToString()); 
  } 
} 
 

方法三:

public class HttpModule : IHttpModule 
{ 
  private HttpApplication _contextApplication; 
  private TextWriter tw_new, tw_old; 
  private StringBuilder _content; 
  private FieldInfo tw_field; 
  public void Init(HttpApplication application) 
  { 
    _contextApplication = application; 
    _contextApplication.BeginRequest += new EventHandler(_contextApplication_BeginRequest); 
    _contextApplication.EndRequest +=new EventHandler(_contextApplication_EndRequest); 
  } 
  void _contextApplication_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e) 
  { 
    _content = new StringBuilder(); 
    tw_old = _contextApplication.Response.Output; 
    tw_new = new StringWriter(_content); 
    var type_rp = _contextApplication.Response.GetType(); 
    tw_field = type_rp.GetField("_writer", System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Public | System.Reflection.BindingFlags.NonPublic | System.Reflection.BindingFlags.Instance); 
    tw_field.SetValue(_contextApplication.Response, tw_new); 
  } 
  void _contextApplication_EndRequest(object sender, EventArgs e) 
  { 
    tw_field.SetValue(_contextApplication.Response, tw_old); 
    //做自己的处理 
    _content.AppendLine("<!--jhxz-->"); 
    _contextApplication.Response.Write(_content.ToString()); 
  } 
  public void Dispose() 
  { 
    _contextApplication = null; 
    _contextApplication.Dispose(); 
  } 
}

相信本文所述对大家的asp.net程序设计有一定的借鉴价值。

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