Asp.net程序优化js、css实现合并与压缩的方法_实用技巧

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本文实例讲述了Asp.net程序优化js、css实现合并与压缩的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体实现方法如下:

访问时将js和css压缩并且缓存在客户端,
采用的是Yahoo.Yui.Compressor组件来完成的,用户可以点击此处本站下载

创建一个IHttpHandler来处理文件


public class CombineFiles : IHttpHandler
{
        private const string CacheKeyFormat = "_CacheKey_{0}_";

        private const bool IsCompress = true; //需要压缩

        public bool IsReusable
        {
            get
            {
                return false;
            }
        }

        public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)
        {
            HttpRequest request = context.Request;
            HttpResponse response = context.Response;

            string cachekey = string.Empty;

            string type = request.QueryString["type"];
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(type) && (type == "css" || type == "js"))
            {
                if (type == "js")
                {
                    response.ContentType = "text/javascript";

                }
                else if (type == "css")
                {
                    response.ContentType = "text/css";
                }

                cachekey = string.Format(CacheKeyFormat, type);

                CompressCacheItem cacheItem = HttpRuntime.Cache[cachekey] as CompressCacheItem;
                if (cacheItem == null)
                {
                    string content = string.Empty;
                    string path = context.Server.MapPath("");
                    //找到这个目录下所有的js或css文件,当然也可以进行配置,需求请求压缩哪些文件
                    //这里就将所的有文件都请求压缩
                    string[] files = Directory.GetFiles(path, "*." + type);
                    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
                    foreach (string fileName in files)
                    {
                        if (File.Exists(fileName))
                        {
                            string readstr = File.ReadAllText(fileName, Encoding.UTF8);
                            sb.Append(readstr);
                        }
                    }

                    content = sb.ToString();

                    // 开始压缩文件
                    if (IsCompress)
                    {
                        if (type.Equals("js"))
                        {
                            content = JavaScriptCompressor.Compress(content);
                        }
                        else if (type.Equals("css"))
                        {
                            content = CssCompressor.Compress(content);
                        }
                    }

                    //输入到客户端还可以进行Gzip压缩 ,这里就省略了

                    cacheItem = new CompressCacheItem() { Type = type, Content = content, Expires = DateTime.Now.AddDays(30) };
                    HttpRuntime.Cache.Insert(cachekey, cacheItem, null, cacheItem.Expires, TimeSpan.Zero);
                }

                string ifModifiedSince = request.Headers["If-Modified-Since"];
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(ifModifiedSince)
                    && TimeSpan.FromTicks(cacheItem.Expires.Ticks - DateTime.Parse(ifModifiedSince).Ticks).Seconds < 0)
                {
                    response.StatusCode = (int)System.Net.HttpStatusCode.NotModified;
                    response.StatusDescription = "Not Modified";
                }
                else
                {
                    response.Write(cacheItem.Content);
                    SetClientCaching(response, cacheItem.Expires);
                }
            }
        }

        private void SetClientCaching(HttpResponse response, DateTime expires)
        {
            response.Cache.SetETag(DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString());
            response.Cache.SetLastModified(DateTime.Now);

            //public 以指定响应能由客户端和共享(代理)缓存进行缓存。   
            response.Cache.SetCacheability(HttpCacheability.Public);

            //是允许文档在被视为陈旧之前存在的最长绝对时间。
            response.Cache.SetMaxAge(TimeSpan.FromTicks(expires.Ticks));

            response.Cache.SetSlidingExpiration(true);
        }
        private class CompressCacheItem
        {
            /// <summary>
            /// 类型 js 或 css
            /// </summary>
            public string Type { get; set; } // js css 
            /// <summary>
            /// 内容
            /// </summary>
            public string Content { set; get; }
            /// <summary>
            /// 过期时间
            /// </summary>
            public DateTime Expires { set; get; }
        }
}

最后在配置文件中配置一下CombineFiles.axd文件,具体配置略

引用如下
<script type="text/javascript" src="/js/CombineFiles.axd?type=js"></script>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/css/CombineFiles.axd?type=css" />

希望本文所述对大家的asp.net程序设计有所帮助。

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