基于静态Singleton模式的使用介绍_C#教程

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什么是静态单例模式?

静态单例模式(Static Singleton Pattern)是我在实践中总结的模式,主要解决的问题是在预先知道某依赖项为单例应用时,通过静态缓存该依赖项来提供访问。当然,解决该问题的办法有很多,这只是其中一个。

实现细节

/// <summary>
  /// 静态单例
  /// </summary>
  /// <typeparam name="TClass">单例类型</typeparam>
  public static class Singleton<TClass> where TClass : class, new()
  {
    private static readonly object _lock = new object();
    private static TClass _instance = default(TClass);

    /// <summary>
    /// 获取单例实例
    /// </summary>
    public static TClass GetInstance()
    {
      return Instance;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 单例实例
    /// </summary>
    public static TClass Instance
    {
      get
      {
        if (_instance == null)
        {
          lock (_lock)
          {
            if (_instance == null)
            {
              _instance = new TClass(); // must be public constructor
            }
          }
        }

        return _instance;
      }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 设置单例实例
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="instance">单例实例</param>
    public static void Set(TClass instance)
    {
      lock (_lock)
      {
        _instance = instance;
      }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 重置单例实例
    /// </summary>
    public static void Reset()
    {
      lock (_lock)
      {
        _instance = default(TClass);
      }
    }
  }

应用测试

class Program
  {
    interface IInterfaceA
    {
      string GetData();
    }
    class ClassA : IInterfaceA
    {
      public string GetData()
      {
        return string.Format("This is from ClassA with hash [{0}].", this.GetHashCode());
      }
    }
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
      string data1 = Singleton<ClassA>.GetInstance().GetData();
      Console.WriteLine(data1);
      string data2 = Singleton<ClassA>.GetInstance().GetData();
      Console.WriteLine(data2);

      Console.ReadKey();
    }
  }

测试结果

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