C#加密算法汇总(推荐)_C#教程

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方法一:

//须添加对System.Web的引用 
using System.Web.Security; 
... 
/// <summary> 
/// SHA1加密字符串 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="source">源字符串</param> 
/// <returns>加密后的字符串</returns> 
public string SHA1(string source) 

return FormsAuthentication.HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile(source, "SHA1"); 

/// <summary> 
/// MD5加密字符串 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="source">源字符串</param> 
/// <returns>加密后的字符串</returns> 
public string MD5(string source) 

return FormsAuthentication.HashPasswordForStoringInConfigFile(source, "MD5");; 
}

方法二(可逆加密解密):

using System.Security.Cryptography; 
... 
public string Encode(string data) 

byte[] byKey = System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(KEY_64); 
byte[] byIV = System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(IV_64); 
DESCryptoServiceProvider cryptoProvider = new DESCryptoServiceProvider(); 
int i = cryptoProvider.KeySize; 
MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(); 
CryptoStream cst = new CryptoStream(ms, cryptoProvider.CreateEncryptor(byKey, byIV), CryptoStreamMode.Write); 
StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(cst); 
sw.Write(data); 
sw.Flush(); 
cst.FlushFinalBlock(); 
sw.Flush(); 
return Convert.ToBase64String(ms.GetBuffer(), 0, (int)ms.Length); 

public string Decode(string data) 

byte[] byKey = System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(KEY_64); 
byte[] byIV = System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(IV_64); 
byte[] byEnc; 
try 

byEnc = Convert.FromBase64String(data); 

catch 

return null; 

DESCryptoServiceProvider cryptoProvider = new DESCryptoServiceProvider(); 
MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(byEnc); 
CryptoStream cst = new CryptoStream(ms, cryptoProvider.CreateDecryptor(byKey, byIV), CryptoStreamMode.Read); 
StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(cst); 
return sr.ReadToEnd(); 
}

方法三(MD5不可逆):

using System.Security.Cryptography; 
... 
//MD5不可逆加密 
//32位加密 
public string GetMD5_32(string s, string _input_charset) 

MD5 md5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider(); 
byte[] t = md5.ComputeHash(Encoding.GetEncoding(_input_charset).GetBytes(s)); 
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(32); 
for (int i = 0; i < t.Length; i++) 

sb.Append(t[i].ToString("x").PadLeft(2, '0')); 

return sb.ToString(); 

//16位加密 
public static string GetMd5_16(string ConvertString) 

MD5CryptoServiceProvider md5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider(); 
string t2 = BitConverter.ToString(md5.ComputeHash(UTF8Encoding.Default.GetBytes(ConvertString)), 4, 8); 
t2 = t2.Replace("-", ""); 
return t2; 
}

方法四(对称加密):

using System.IO; 
using System.Security.Cryptography; 
... 
private SymmetricAlgorithm mobjCryptoService; 
private string Key; 
/// <summary> 
/// 对称加密类的构造函数 
/// </summary> 
public SymmetricMethod() 

mobjCryptoService = new RijndaelManaged(); 
Key = "Guz(%&hj7x89H$yuBI0456FtmaT5&fvHUFCy76*h%(HilJ$lhj!y6&(*jkP87jH7"; 

/// <summary> 
/// 获得密钥 
/// </summary> 
/// <returns>密钥</returns> 
private byte[] GetLegalKey() 

string sTemp = Key; 
mobjCryptoService.GenerateKey(); 
byte[] bytTemp = mobjCryptoService.Key; 
int KeyLength = bytTemp.Length; 
if (sTemp.Length > KeyLength) 
sTemp = sTemp.Substring(0, KeyLength); 
else if (sTemp.Length < KeyLength) 
sTemp = sTemp.PadRight(KeyLength, ' '); 
return ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sTemp); 

/// <summary> 
/// 获得初始向量IV 
/// </summary> 
/// <returns>初试向量IV</returns> 
private byte[] GetLegalIV() 

string sTemp = "E4ghj*Ghg7!rNIfb&95GUY86GfghUb#er57HBh(u%g6HJ($jhWk7&!hg4ui%$hjk"; 
mobjCryptoService.GenerateIV(); 
byte[] bytTemp = mobjCryptoService.IV; 
int IVLength = bytTemp.Length; 
if (sTemp.Length > IVLength) 
sTemp = sTemp.Substring(0, IVLength); 
else if (sTemp.Length < IVLength) 
sTemp = sTemp.PadRight(IVLength, ' '); 
return ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sTemp); 

/// <summary> 
/// 加密方法 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="Source">待加密的串</param> 
/// <returns>经过加密的串</returns> 
public string Encrypto(string Source) 

byte[] bytIn = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(Source); 
MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(); 
mobjCryptoService.Key = GetLegalKey(); 
mobjCryptoService.IV = GetLegalIV(); 
ICryptoTransform encrypto = mobjCryptoService.CreateEncryptor(); 
CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encrypto, CryptoStreamMode.Write); 
cs.Write(bytIn, 0, bytIn.Length); 
cs.FlushFinalBlock(); 
ms.Close(); 
byte[] bytOut = ms.ToArray(); 
return Convert.ToBase64String(bytOut); 

/// <summary> 
/// 解密方法 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="Source">待解密的串</param> 
/// <returns>经过解密的串</returns> 
public string Decrypto(string Source) 

byte[] bytIn = Convert.FromBase64String(Source); 
MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(bytIn, 0, bytIn.Length); 
mobjCryptoService.Key = GetLegalKey(); 
mobjCryptoService.IV = GetLegalIV(); 
ICryptoTransform encrypto = mobjCryptoService.CreateDecryptor(); 
CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encrypto, CryptoStreamMode.Read); 
StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(cs); 
return sr.ReadToEnd(); 
}

方法五:

using System.IO; 
using System.Security.Cryptography; 
using System.Text; 
... 
//默认密钥向量 
private static byte[] Keys = { 0x12, 0x34, 0x56, 0x78, 0x90, 0xAB, 0xCD, 0xEF }; 
/// <summary> 
/// DES加密字符串 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="encryptString">待加密的字符串</param> 
/// <param name="encryptKey">加密密钥,要求为8位</param> 
/// <returns>加密成功返回加密后的字符串,失败返回源串</returns> 
public static string EncryptDES(string encryptString, string encryptKey) 

try 

byte[] rgbKey = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(encryptKey.Substring(0, 8)); 
byte[] rgbIV = Keys; 
byte[] inputByteArray = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(encryptString); 
DESCryptoServiceProvider dCSP = new DESCryptoServiceProvider(); 
MemoryStream mStream = new MemoryStream(); 
CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(mStream, dCSP.CreateEncryptor(rgbKey, rgbIV), CryptoStreamMode.Write); 
cStream.Write(inputByteArray, 0, inputByteArray.Length); 
cStream.FlushFinalBlock(); 
return Convert.ToBase64String(mStream.ToArray()); 

catch 

return encryptString; 


/// <summary> 
/// DES解密字符串 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="decryptString">待解密的字符串</param> 
/// <param name="decryptKey">解密密钥,要求为8位,和加密密钥相同</param> 
/// <returns>解密成功返回解密后的字符串,失败返源串</returns> 
public static string DecryptDES(string decryptString, string decryptKey) 

try 

byte[] rgbKey = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(decryptKey); 
byte[] rgbIV = Keys; 
byte[] inputByteArray = Convert.FromBase64String(decryptString); 
DESCryptoServiceProvider DCSP = new DESCryptoServiceProvider(); 
MemoryStream mStream = new MemoryStream(); 
CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(mStream, DCSP.CreateDecryptor(rgbKey, rgbIV), CryptoStreamMode.Write); 
cStream.Write(inputByteArray, 0, inputByteArray.Length); 
cStream.FlushFinalBlock(); 
return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(mStream.ToArray()); 

catch 

return decryptString; 

}

方法六(文件加密):

using System.IO; 
using System.Security.Cryptography; 
using System.Text; 
... 
//加密文件 
private static void EncryptData(String inName, String outName, byte[] desKey, byte[] desIV) 

//Create the file streams to handle the input and output files. 
FileStream fin = new FileStream(inName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read); 
FileStream fout = new FileStream(outName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write); 
fout.SetLength(0); 
//Create variables to help with read and write. 
byte[] bin = new byte[100]; //This is intermediate storage for the encryption. 
long rdlen = 0; //This is the total number of bytes written. 
long totlen = fin.Length; //This is the total length of the input file. 
int len; //This is the number of bytes to be written at a time. 
DES des = new DESCryptoServiceProvider(); 
CryptoStream encStream = new CryptoStream(fout, des.CreateEncryptor(desKey, desIV), CryptoStreamMode.Write); 
//Read from the input file, then encrypt and write to the output file. 
while (rdlen < totlen) 

len = fin.Read(bin, 0, 100); 
encStream.Write(bin, 0, len); 
rdlen = rdlen + len; 

encStream.Close(); 
fout.Close(); 
fin.Close(); 

//解密文件 
private static void DecryptData(String inName, String outName, byte[] desKey, byte[] desIV) 

//Create the file streams to handle the input and output files. 
FileStream fin = new FileStream(inName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read); 
FileStream fout = new FileStream(outName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write); 
fout.SetLength(0); 
//Create variables to help with read and write. 
byte[] bin = new byte[100]; //This is intermediate storage for the encryption. 
long rdlen = 0; //This is the total number of bytes written. 
long totlen = fin.Length; //This is the total length of the input file. 
int len; //This is the number of bytes to be written at a time. 
DES des = new DESCryptoServiceProvider(); 
CryptoStream encStream = new CryptoStream(fout, des.CreateDecryptor(desKey, desIV), CryptoStreamMode.Write); 
//Read from the input file, then encrypt and write to the output file. 
while (rdlen < totlen) 

len = fin.Read(bin, 0, 100); 
encStream.Write(bin, 0, len); 
rdlen = rdlen + len; 

encStream.Close(); 
fout.Close(); 
fin.Close(); 
}


using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;//这个是处理文字编码的前提
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
/// <summary>
/// DES加密方法
/// </summary>
/// <param name="strPlain">明文</param>
/// <param name="strDESKey">密钥</param>
/// <param name="strDESIV">向量</param>
/// <returns>密文</returns>
public string DESEncrypt(string strPlain,string strDESKey,string strDESIV)
{
//把密钥转换成字节数组
byte[] bytesDESKey=ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(strDESKey);
//把向量转换成字节数组
byte[] bytesDESIV=ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(strDESIV);
//声明1个新的DES对象
DESCryptoServiceProvider desEncrypt=new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
//开辟一块内存流
MemoryStream msEncrypt=new MemoryStream();
//把内存流对象包装成加密流对象
CryptoStream csEncrypt=new CryptoStream(msEncrypt,desEncrypt.CreateEncryptor(bytesDESKey,bytesDESIV),CryptoStreamMode.Write);
//把加密流对象包装成写入流对象
StreamWriter swEncrypt=new StreamWriter(csEncrypt);
//写入流对象写入明文
swEncrypt.WriteLine(strPlain);
//写入流关闭
swEncrypt.Close();
//加密流关闭
csEncrypt.Close();
//把内存流转换成字节数组,内存流现在已经是密文了
byte[] bytesCipher=msEncrypt.ToArray();
//内存流关闭
msEncrypt.Close();
//把密文字节数组转换为字符串,并返回
return UnicodeEncoding.Unicode.GetString(bytesCipher);
}
/// <summary>
/// DES解密方法
/// </summary>
/// <param name="strCipher">密文</param>
/// <param name="strDESKey">密钥</param>
/// <param name="strDESIV">向量</param>
/// <returns>明文</returns>
public string DESDecrypt(string strCipher,string strDESKey,string strDESIV)
{
//把密钥转换成字节数组
byte[] bytesDESKey=ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(strDESKey);
//把向量转换成字节数组
byte[] bytesDESIV=ASCIIEncoding.ASCII.GetBytes(strDESIV);
//把密文转换成字节数组
byte[] bytesCipher=UnicodeEncoding.Unicode.GetBytes(strCipher);
//声明1个新的DES对象
DESCryptoServiceProvider desDecrypt=new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
//开辟一块内存流,并存放密文字节数组
MemoryStream msDecrypt=new MemoryStream(bytesCipher);
//把内存流对象包装成解密流对象
CryptoStream csDecrypt=new CryptoStream(msDecrypt,desDecrypt.CreateDecryptor(bytesDESKey,bytesDESIV),CryptoStreamMode.Read);
//把解密流对象包装成读出流对象
StreamReader srDecrypt=new StreamReader(csDecrypt);
//明文=读出流的读出内容
string strPlainText=srDecrypt.ReadLine();
//读出流关闭
srDecrypt.Close();
//解密流关闭
csDecrypt.Close();
//内存流关闭
msDecrypt.Close();
//返回明文
return strPlainText;
}
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