C#加密解密类实例程序_C#教程

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前两年写的东西,现在整理一下发出来!以前公司需要做WebService,并且对WebService的SoapHeader进行加密,所以就写了这么个东东!使用这个类,需要密钥管理!为了保证数据的安全性往往要对数据进行加密,但是加密的缺点之一,就是影响程序的运行效率,所以,当时我的思路是只对用户的登录信息(用户名,密码)进行加密!数据用明文传输,用户信息验证没有通过的情况下, 不进行数据传输。
实际在网络通讯中,使用密钥匙的方式并非无懈可击,如果黑客可以捕捉到用密钥加密的,用户验证信息,然后,做个模拟请求,向提供WebService的服务器发请求,还是可以获得请求数据!所以,我又使用了IP或者域名绑定的方式!毕竟,WebService不是直接对最终用户提供的!所以,加上以上这些手段后,就算有不良企图者想通过非法方式获得WebService提供的服务,就再费点劲吧!
还有一点安全建议,就是定期的更换密钥,在这个例子中,我用的是对称加密,加密方和解密方的密钥一致!定期的更换密钥可以让安全性提高一大截!

大家要有更好的方法,或者建议,可以留言讨论一下!共同提高!

代码如下:


using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

namespace SEDO
{
    /// <summary>
    /// SEDO 的摘要说明。
    /// SEDO 实现的是用一个封装了4种对称加密方法(Des,Rc2,Rijndael,TripleDes)的组件
    ///
    /// 注意事项:
    /// 1:TripleDes和Rijndael加密/解密对象使用16或者24位byte的Key
    /// 2:Rijndael只能使用16位的初始化向量IV
    /// 3:Des和Rc2均使用8位Byte的Key和IV
    /// 4:对需要加密/解密的数据流采用何种方法进行编码/解码,由调用组件的用户自己决定
    /// 5:密钥和初始化向量IV由使用者自己定义
    /// 程序员: 罗旭成2010-10-30 lxc880615@163.com
    /// </summary>

    //定义加密类型的枚举
    public enum EncryptionAlgorithm { Des = 1, Rc2, Rijndael, TripleDes };

    //定义加密类
    internal class EncryptTransformer
    {
        private EncryptionAlgorithm algorithmID;
        private byte[] initVec;
        private byte[] encKey;

        internal EncryptTransformer(EncryptionAlgorithm algId)
        {
            //Save the algorithm being used.
            algorithmID = algId;
        }

        internal ICryptoTransform GetCryptoServiceProvider(byte[] bytesKey)
        {
            //当数据密钥Key或者初始化向量IV为空的时候,
            //将使用加密对象自动产生的密钥Key或者初始化向量IV
            switch (algorithmID)
            {
                case EncryptionAlgorithm.Des:
                    {
                        DES des = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
                        des.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;

                        // See if a key was provided
                        if (null == bytesKey)
                        {
                            encKey = des.Key;
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            des.Key = bytesKey;
                            encKey = des.Key;
                        }
                        // See if the client provided an initialization vector
                        if (null == initVec)
                        { // Have the algorithm create one
                            initVec = des.IV;
                        }
                        else
                        { //No, give it to the algorithm
                            des.IV = initVec;
                        }
                        return des.CreateEncryptor();
                    }
                case EncryptionAlgorithm.TripleDes:
                    {
                        TripleDES des3 = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
                        des3.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                        // See if a key was provided
                        if (null == bytesKey)
                        {
                            encKey = des3.Key;
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            des3.Key = bytesKey;
                            encKey = des3.Key;
                        }
                        // See if the client provided an IV
                        if (null == initVec)
                        { //Yes, have the alg create one
                            initVec = des3.IV;
                        }
                        else
                        { //No, give it to the alg.
                            des3.IV = initVec;
                        }
                        return des3.CreateEncryptor();
                    }
                case EncryptionAlgorithm.Rc2:
                    {
                        RC2 rc2 = new RC2CryptoServiceProvider();
                        rc2.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                        // Test to see if a key was provided
                        if (null == bytesKey)
                        {
                            encKey = rc2.Key;
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            rc2.Key = bytesKey;
                            encKey = rc2.Key;
                        }
                        // See if the client provided an IV
                        if (null == initVec)
                        { //Yes, have the alg create one
                            initVec = rc2.IV;
                        }
                        else
                        { //No, give it to the alg.
                            rc2.IV = initVec;
                        }
                        return rc2.CreateEncryptor();
                    }
                case EncryptionAlgorithm.Rijndael:
                    {
                        Rijndael rijndael = new RijndaelManaged();
                        rijndael.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                        // Test to see if a key was provided
                        if (null == bytesKey)
                        {
                            encKey = rijndael.Key;
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            rijndael.Key = bytesKey;
                            encKey = rijndael.Key;
                        }
                        // See if the client provided an IV
                        if (null == initVec)
                        { //Yes, have the alg create one
                            initVec = rijndael.IV;
                        }
                        else
                        { //No, give it to the alg.
                            rijndael.IV = initVec;
                        }
                        return rijndael.CreateEncryptor();
                    }
                default:
                    {
                        throw new CryptographicException("Algorithm ID '" +
                        algorithmID +
                        "' not supported.");
                    }
            }
        }

        //加密的偏移向量
        internal byte[] IV
        {
            get { return initVec; }
            set { initVec = value; }
        }
        //加密的密钥
        internal byte[] Key
        {
            get { return encKey; }
            set { encKey = value; }
        }

    }

    //定义解密类
    internal class DecryptTransformer
    {
        private EncryptionAlgorithm algorithmID;
        private byte[] initVec;
        private byte[] encKey;

        internal DecryptTransformer(EncryptionAlgorithm deCryptId)
        {
            algorithmID = deCryptId;
        }

        //加密的偏移向量
        internal byte[] IV
        {
            get { return initVec; }
            set { initVec = value; }
        }

        //加密的密钥
        internal byte[] Key
        {
            get { return encKey; }
            set { encKey = value; }
        }

        internal ICryptoTransform GetCryptoServiceProvider(byte[] bytesKey)
        {
            //当数据密钥Key或者初始化向量IV为空的时候,
            //将使用加密对象自动产生的密钥Key或者初始化向量IV
            switch (algorithmID)
            {
                case EncryptionAlgorithm.Des:
                    {
                        DES des = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
                        des.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                        des.Key = bytesKey;
                        des.IV = initVec;
                        return des.CreateDecryptor();
                    }
                case EncryptionAlgorithm.TripleDes:
                    {
                        TripleDES des3 = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
                        des3.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                        return des3.CreateDecryptor(bytesKey, initVec);
                    }
                case EncryptionAlgorithm.Rc2:
                    {
                        RC2 rc2 = new RC2CryptoServiceProvider();
                        rc2.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                        return rc2.CreateDecryptor(bytesKey, initVec);
                    }
                case EncryptionAlgorithm.Rijndael:
                    {
                        Rijndael rijndael = new RijndaelManaged();
                        rijndael.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                        return rijndael.CreateDecryptor(bytesKey, initVec);
                    }
                default:
                    {
                        throw new CryptographicException("Algorithm ID '" +
                        algorithmID +
                        "' not supported.");
                    }
            }
        } //end GetCryptoServiceProvider

    }

    //定义加密者类
    public class Encryptor
    {
        private EncryptTransformer transformer;
        private byte[] initVec;
        private byte[] encKey;

        public Encryptor(EncryptionAlgorithm algId)
        {
            transformer = new EncryptTransformer(algId);
        }

        public byte[] Encrypt(byte[] bytesData, byte[] bytesKey, byte[] bytesIV)
        {
            //设置流对象用来保存加密数据字节流.
            MemoryStream memStreamEncryptedData = new MemoryStream();

            transformer.IV = bytesIV;
            transformer.Key = bytesKey;

            ICryptoTransform transform =
                transformer.GetCryptoServiceProvider(bytesKey);
            CryptoStream encStream =
                new CryptoStream(memStreamEncryptedData,
                    transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);

            try
            {
                //将加密数据写进流对象
                encStream.Write(bytesData, 0, bytesData.Length);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw new Exception("在数据加密的时候出现错误!"+
                    "错误提示: \n" + ex.Message);
            }

            //设置加密的Key和初始向量IV属性
            encKey = transformer.Key;
            initVec = transformer.IV;

            encStream.FlushFinalBlock();
            encStream.Close();

            //Send the data back.
            return memStreamEncryptedData.ToArray();
        }

        public byte[] IV
        {
            get { return initVec; }
            set { initVec = value; }
        }

        public byte[] Key
        {
            get { return encKey; }
            set { encKey = value; }
        }

    }

 
    //定义解密者类
    public class Decryptor
    {
        private DecryptTransformer transformer;
        private byte[] initVec;
        private byte[] encKey;

        public Decryptor(EncryptionAlgorithm algId)
        {
            transformer = new DecryptTransformer(algId);
        }

        public byte[] Decrypt(byte[] bytesData,
            byte[] bytesKey, byte[] bytesIV)
        {
            //设置流对象用来保存解密数据字节流.
            MemoryStream memStreamDecryptedData =
                new MemoryStream();

            //Pass in the initialization vector.
            transformer.IV = bytesIV;
            transformer.Key = bytesKey;

            ICryptoTransform transform =
                transformer.GetCryptoServiceProvider(bytesKey);
            CryptoStream decStream =
                new CryptoStream(memStreamDecryptedData,
                    transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);

            try
            {
                decStream.Write(bytesData, 0, bytesData.Length);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw new Exception("在数据解密的时候出现错误!"+
                    "错误提示: \n" + ex.Message);
            }
            decStream.FlushFinalBlock();
            decStream.Close();
            // 返回解密数据.
            return memStreamDecryptedData.ToArray();
        }

        public byte[] IV
        {
            get { return initVec; }
            set { initVec = value; }
        }

        public byte[] Key
        {
            get { return encKey; }
            set { encKey = value; }
        }

    }

    //类描述:文件加密/解密类
    public class SecurityFile
    {
        private DecryptTransformer Dec_Transformer; //解密转换器
        private EncryptTransformer Enc_Transformer; //加密转换器
        private byte[] initVec;
        private byte[] encKey;

        public SecurityFile(EncryptionAlgorithm algId)
        {
            Dec_Transformer = new DecryptTransformer(algId);
            Enc_Transformer = new EncryptTransformer(algId);
        }

        //加密的偏移向量
        internal byte[] IV
        {
            get { return initVec; }
            set { initVec = value; }
        }
        //加密的密钥
        internal byte[] Key
        {
            get { return encKey; }
            set { encKey = value; }
        }

        //功能描述:加密文件
        public void EncryptFile(string inFileName,
            string outFileName, byte[] bytesKey, byte[] bytesIV)
        {
            try
            {
                FileStream fin =
                    new FileStream(inFileName, FileMode.Open,
                        FileAccess.Read);
                FileStream fout = new FileStream(outFileName,
                    FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write);
                fout.SetLength(0);

                //Create variables to help with read and write.
                //This is intermediate storage for the encryption.
                byte[] bin = new byte[100];
                //This is the total number of bytes written.
                long rdlen = 0;
                //This is the total length of the input file.
                long totlen = fin.Length;
                //This is the number of bytes to be written at a time.
                int len;

                Enc_Transformer.IV = bytesIV;
                Enc_Transformer.Key = bytesKey;

                ICryptoTransform transform =
                    Enc_Transformer.GetCryptoServiceProvider(bytesKey);
                CryptoStream encStream =
                    new CryptoStream(fout, transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);

                //Read from the input file, then encrypt and write to the output file.
                while (rdlen < totlen)
                {
                    len = fin.Read(bin, 0, 100);
                    encStream.Write(bin, 0, len);
                    rdlen = rdlen + len;
                }

                encStream.Close();
                fout.Close();
                fin.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw new Exception("在文件加密的时候出现错误!"+
                    "错误提示: \n" + ex.Message);
            }
        }

        //功能描述:解密文件
        public void DecryptFile(string inFileName,
            string outFileName, byte[] bytesKey, byte[] bytesIV)
        {
            try
            {
                FileStream fin =
                    new FileStream(inFileName, FileMode.Open,
                        FileAccess.Read);
                FileStream fout =
                    new FileStream(outFileName,
                        FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write);
                fout.SetLength(0);

                //Create variables to help with read and write.
                //This is intermediate storage for the encryption.
                byte[] bin = new byte[100];
                //This is the total number of bytes written.
                long rdlen = 0;
                //This is the total length of the input file.
                long totlen = fin.Length;
                //This is the number of bytes to be written at a time.
                int len;

                Dec_Transformer.IV = bytesIV;
                Dec_Transformer.Key = bytesKey;

                ICryptoTransform transform =
                    Dec_Transformer.GetCryptoServiceProvider(bytesKey);
                CryptoStream encStream =
                    new CryptoStream(fout, transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);

                //Read from the input file, then encrypt and
                //write to the output file.
                while (rdlen < totlen)
                {
                    len = fin.Read(bin, 0, 100);
                    encStream.Write(bin, 0, len);
                    rdlen = rdlen + len;
                }
                encStream.Close();
                fout.Close();
                fin.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw new Exception("在文件加密的时候出现"+
                    "错误!错误提示: \n" + ex.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

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