c#实现摄像头拍照功能示例_C#教程

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using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;
using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;


private const int WM_USER = 0x400;
private const int WS_CHILD = 0x40000000;
private const int WS_VISIBLE = 0x10000000;
private const int WM_CAP_START = WM_USER;
private const int WM_CAP_STOP = WM_CAP_START + 68;
private const int WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT = WM_CAP_START + 10;
private const int WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT = WM_CAP_START + 11;
private const int WM_CAP_SAVEDIB = WM_CAP_START + 25;
private const int WM_CAP_GRAB_FRAME = WM_CAP_START + 60;
private const int WM_CAP_SEQUENCE = WM_CAP_START + 62;
private const int WM_CAP_FILE_SET_CAPTURE_FILEA = WM_CAP_START + 20;
private const int WM_CAP_SEQUENCE_NOFILE = WM_CAP_START + 63;
private const int WM_CAP_SET_OVERLAY = WM_CAP_START + 51;
private const int WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW = WM_CAP_START + 50;
private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_VIDEOSTREAM = WM_CAP_START + 6;
private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_ERROR = WM_CAP_START + 2;
private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_STATUSA = WM_CAP_START + 3;
private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_FRAME = WM_CAP_START + 5;
private const int WM_CAP_SET_SCALE = WM_CAP_START + 53;
private const int WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEWRATE = WM_CAP_START + 52;
private IntPtr hWndC;
private bool bStat = false;
private IntPtr mControlPtr;
private int mWidth;
private int mHeight;
private int mLeft;
private int mTop;


/// <summary>
/// 初始化摄像头
/// </summary>
/// <param name="handle">控件的句柄</param>
/// <param name="left">开始显示的左边距</param>
/// <param name="top">开始显示的上边距</param>
/// <param name="width">要显示的宽度</param>
/// <param name="height">要显示的长度</param>
public VideoClass(IntPtr handle, int left, int top, int width, int height)
{
    mControlPtr = handle;
    mWidth = width;
    mHeight = height;
    mLeft = left;
    mTop = top;
}


[DllImport("avicap32.dll")]
private static extern IntPtr capCreateCaptureWindowA(byte[] lpszWindowName, int dwStyle, int x, int y, int nWidth, int nHeight, IntPtr hWndParent, int nID);

[DllImport("avicap32.dll")]
private static extern int capGetVideoFormat(IntPtr hWnd, IntPtr psVideoFormat, int wSize);

[DllImport("User32.dll")]
private static extern bool SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int wMsg, int wParam, long lParam);

[DllImport("avicap32.dll")]
public static extern bool capGetDriverDescriptionA(short wDriver, byte[] lpszName, int cbName, byte[] lpszVer, int cbVer);


/// <summary>
/// 开始显示图像
/// </summary>
public void Start()
{
    if (bStat)
return;
    bStat = true;
    byte[] lpszName = new byte[100];

    hWndC = capCreateCaptureWindowA(lpszName, WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE, mLeft, mTop, mWidth, mHeight, mControlPtr, 0);

    if (hWndC.ToInt32() != 0)
    {
SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_VIDEOSTREAM, 0, 0);
SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_ERROR, 0, 0);
SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_STATUSA, 0, 0);
SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT, 0, 0);
SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_SCALE, 1, 0);
SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEWRATE, 66, 0);
SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_OVERLAY, 1, 0);
SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW, 1, 0);
    }
    return;
}


/// <summary>
/// 停止显示
/// </summary>
        public void Stop()
        {
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT, 0, 0);
            bStat = false;
        }
        /// <summary>
/// 抓图
/// </summary>
/// <param name="path">要保存bmp文件的路径</param>
        public void GrabImage(string path)
        {
            IntPtr hBmp = Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(path);
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SAVEDIB, 0, hBmp.ToInt64());
        }
        /// <summary>
/// 录像
/// </summary>
/// <param name="path">要保存avi文件的路径</param>
        public void Kinescope(string path)
        {
            IntPtr hBmp = Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(path);
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_FILE_SET_CAPTURE_FILEA, 0, hBmp.ToInt64());
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SEQUENCE, 0, 0);
        }
        /// <summary>
/// 停止录像
/// </summary>
        public void StopKinescope()
        {
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_STOP, 0, 0);
        }

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