解析使用jdbc,hibernate处理clob/blob字段的详解_java

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(1)不同数据库中对应clob,blob的类型:
mysql中 : clob对应text  blob对应blob
db2/oracle中 clob对应clob blob对应blob

(2)domain中对应类型:
clob 对应 String   blob 对应 byte[]
clob 对庆 java.sql.Clob blob 对应 java.sql.Blob

(3)hibernate配置文件中对应类型:
clob > clob   blob > binay

也可以直接使用数据库提供类型,例如:oracle.sql.Clob,oracle.sql.Blob。

2、jdbc操作clob (以oracle为例)
首先操作clob/blob不像操作varchar类型那样简单,插入步骤一般为两步:第一步插入一个空值,第二步锁住此行,更新clob/blob字段.

//插入空值
conn.setAutoCommit(false);
String sql = "insert into file(name,file_content) values("jack",EMPTY_CLOB());
PreparedStatement pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
pstmt.executeUpdate();
//锁住此行
String sql = "select file_content from file where name='jack' for update";
PreparedStatement pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
ResultSet rs = pstmt.executeQuery();
oracle.sql.Clob clob = (oracle.sql.Clob)rs.getClob(1);
java.io.OutputStream writer = clob.getAsciiOutputStream();
byte[] temp = newFileContent.getBytes();
writer.write(temp);
writer.flush();
writer.close();
//
pstmt.close();


读取内容:
oracle.sql.Clob clob = rs.getClob("file_content");
if(null!=clob)
{
     Reader is = clob.getCharacterStream();
     BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(is);
     String s = br.readLine();
    while (s != null)
    {
        content += s + "<br>"; 
        s = br.readLine();
    }
}

3、jdbc操作blob

conn.setAutoCommit(false);
String sql = "insert into photo(name,photo) values("jack",empty_blob());
pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
pstmt = conn.executeUpdate();
//
sql = "select photo from photo where name='jack'";
pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
rs = pstmt.executeQuery(sql);
if(rs.next())
     oracle.sql.Blob blob = (oracle.sql.Blob)rs.getBlob(1);
//write to a file
File file = new File("c:\\test.rar");
FileInputStream fin = new FileInputStream(file);
OutputStream out = blob.getBinaryOutputStream();
int count = -1, total = 0;
byte[] data = new Byte[blob.getBufferSize()];
while ((count = fin.read(data)) != -1)
{
         total += count;
         out.write(data, 0, count);
}

4、hibernateth处理clob

MyFile file = new Myfile();
file.setName("jack");
file.setContent(hibernate.createClob(""));
session.save(file);
session.flush();
session.refresh(file,LockMode.UPGRADE);
oracle.sql.Clob clob = (oracle.sql.Clob)file.getContent();
Writer pw = clob.getCharacterOutputStream();
pw.write(longText);//写入长文本
pw.close();
session.close();

5、使用hibernate处理blob:

原理基本相同:
Photo photo = new Photo();
photo.setName("jack");
photo.setPhoto(hibernate.createBlob(""))://放一个空值
session.save(photo);
session.flush();
//
session.refresh(photo,LockMode.UPGRADE); //锁住此对象
oracle.sql.Blob blob = photo.getPhoto();//取得此blob的指针
OutputStream out = blob.getBinaryOutputStream();   
//写入一个文件
File f = new File("c:\\test.rar");
FileInputStream fin = new FileInputStream(f);   
int count = -1, total = 0;
byte[] data = new byte[(int)fin.available()];
out.write(data);     
fin.close();
out.close();
session.flush();

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