Java设计模式之Iterator模式介绍_java

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1.首先定义一个容器Collection接口.

package com.njupt.zhb.learn.iterator;
public interface Collection {
 void add(Object o);
 int size();
 Iterator iterator();
}

2.定义一个Iterator迭代器的接口

package com.njupt.zhb.learn.iterator;
public interface Iterator {
 Object next();
 boolean hasNext();
}

3.定义一个ArrayList,实现Collection接口,并写一个实现了Iterator接口的内部类。

package com.njupt.zhb.learn.iterator;
import com.njupt.zhb.learn.iterator.Collection;
public class ArrayList implements Collection {
 Object[] objects = new Object[10];
 int index = 0;
 public void add(Object o) {
  if(index == objects.length) {
   Object[] newObjects = new Object[objects.length * 2];
   System.arraycopy(objects, 0, newObjects, 0, objects.length);
   objects = newObjects;
  }
  objects[index] = o;
  index ++;
 }

 public int size() {
  return index;
 }

 public Iterator iterator() {

  return new ArrayListIterator();
 }

 private class ArrayListIterator implements Iterator {
  private int currentIndex = 0;
  @Override
  public boolean hasNext() {
   if(currentIndex >= index) return false;
   else return true;
  }
  @Override
  public Object next() {
   Object o = objects[currentIndex];
   currentIndex ++;
   return o;
  }

 }
}

4.编写测试程序TestMain

package com.njupt.zhb.learn.iterator;
import com.njupt.zhb.learn.iterator.ArrayList;
public class TestMain {
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  Collection c = new ArrayList();
  for(int i=0; i<15; i++) {
   c.add("string "+i);
  }
  System.out.println(c.size());
  Iterator it = c.iterator();
  while(it.hasNext()) {
   Object o = it.next();
   System.out.println(o.toString() + " ");
  }
 }
}

运行结果:

15
string 0
string 1
string 2
string 3
string 4
string 5
string 6
string 7
string 8
string 9
string 10
string 11
string 12
string 13
string 14

从以上可以看出,设计模式到处用到面向对象中的多态。接口调用子类中的函数。点击下载源代码
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