java读取文件字符集示例方法_java

分享到:


public static String getCharset(File file) {
        String charset = "GBK";
        byte[] first3Bytes = new byte[3];
        try {
            boolean checked = false;
            BufferedInputStream bis = new BufferedInputStream(
                  new FileInputStream(file));
            bis.mark(0);
            int read = bis.read(first3Bytes, 0, 3);
            if (read == -1)
                return charset;
            if (first3Bytes[0] == (byte) 0xFF && first3Bytes[1] == (byte) 0xFE) {
                charset = "UTF-16LE";
                checked = true;
            } else if (first3Bytes[0] == (byte) 0xFE && first3Bytes[1]
                == (byte) 0xFF) {
                charset = "UTF-16BE";
                checked = true;
            } else if (first3Bytes[0] == (byte) 0xEF && first3Bytes[1]
                    == (byte) 0xBB
                    && first3Bytes[2] == (byte) 0xBF) {
                charset = "UTF-8";
                checked = true;
            }
            bis.reset();
            if (!checked) {
                int loc = 0;
                while ((read = bis.read()) != -1) {
                    loc++;
                    if (read >= 0xF0)
                        break;
                    //单独出现BF以下的,也算是GBK
                    if (0x80 <= read && read <= 0xBF)
                        break;
                    if (0xC0 <= read && read <= 0xDF) {
                        read = bis.read();
                        if (0x80 <= read && read <= 0xBF)// 双字节 (0xC0 - 0xDF)
                            // (0x80 -
                            // 0xBF),也可能在GB编码内
                            continue;
                        else
                            break;
                     // 也有可能出错,但是几率较小
                    } else if (0xE0 <= read && read <= 0xEF) {
                        read = bis.read();
                        if (0x80 <= read && read <= 0xBF) {
                            read = bis.read();
                            if (0x80 <= read && read <= 0xBF) {
                                charset = "UTF-8";
                                break;
                            } else
                                break;
                        } else
                            break;
                    }
                }
                System.out.println(loc + " " + Integer.toHexString(read));
            }
            bis.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return charset;
    }

昵    称:
验证码:

相关文档: