Java实现JSP在Servelt中连接Oracle数据库的方法_java

分享到:

本文实例讲述了Java实现JSP使用Servelt连接Oracle数据库的方法。为了实现在Servlet 中连接数据库,必须编写Servlet 的类程序。将Servlet 类程序放到WEB 服务器的servlets 或者classes 目录下面,为调用Servlet,需要创建发送Servlet 请求的HTML 文档。本例通过(Driver)Class.forName(driverName).newInstance()方法来实现加载驱动程序,建立与数据库连接。

具体程序代码为:

1.Database 类继承了HttpServlet 类,共有两个方法:doGet()和displayResult(),代码如下:

public class Database extends HttpServlet
{
public void doGet();
public void displayResult(ResultSet results,PrintWriter out);
}

2.在doGet()方法中建立与数据库的连接并执行查询:

public void doGet()
{
HttpServletRequest request,
HttpServletResponse response
}
throws ServletException, IOException
{
PrintWriter out;
String title = "Simple Servlet connecting to Oracle DB";
response.setContentType("text/html;charset=GB2312");
out = response.getWriter();
out.println("<HTML><HEAD><TITLE>");
out.println(title);
out.println("</TITLE></HEAD><BODY>");
out.println("<H1>" + title + "</H1>");
out.println("<P>This is output from SimpleServlet.");
String driverName = "oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver";
Driver d;
Connection con;
Statement stmt;
ResultSet results;
try
{
d = (Driver)Class.forName(driverName).newInstance();
con = DiverManager.getConnection("jdbc:oracle:thin:ndb/ndb@192.168.1.6:1521:PC6");
stmt = con.createStatement();
String sqlstr = "select * from data";
results = stmt.executeQuery(sqlstr);
displayResult(results,out);
stmt.close();
con.close();
}
catch (Exception e)
{
out.println("error: " + e.toString());
}
out.println("</BODY></HTML>");
out.close();
}

3.DisplayResult()方法显示查询结果:

public void displayResult(ResultSet results,PrintWriter out)
{
StringBuffer buf = new StringBuffer();
String temp;
try
{
ResultSetMetaData rsmd = results.getMetaData();
int numCols = rsmd.getColumnCount();
int i, rowcount = 0;
for (i=1; i <= numCols; i++)
{
if (i > 1) buf.append(",");
buf.append(rsmd.getColumnLabel(i));
}
buf.append("");
while (results.next() && rowcount < 100)
{
for (i=1; i <= numCols; i++)
{
if (i > 1) buf.append(",");
buf.append((results.getString(i)));
}
buf.append("<br>");
rowcount++;
}
out.println("<br>");
out.println(buf.toString());
results.close();
}
catch (Exception e)
{
out.println("error: " + e.toString());
return;
}
}

4.因为程序使用了JDBC 类、servlet 类和使用控制台输出,所以需要引入如下的包:

import java.sql.*;
import java.io.*;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;

5.编译Database.java,产生Database.class 文件,将Database.class 放到WEB 服务器的servlets 目录下,本例采用Java Web Server 作为WEB 服务器。配置好WEB 服务器,添加database.class,指定名称为database。

6.编写调用Servlet 的database.html 文件。代码如下:

<html>
<head>
<title>Jsp使用Servlet连接数据库</title>
</head>
<body>
<center>
<form action="/servlet/database" method="get">
<input name="action" type="submit" value="连接数据库">
</form>
</center>
</body>
</html>
昵    称:
验证码:

相关文档: