java中enum的用法_java

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本文实例讲述了java中enum的用法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体分析如下:

1. 基本用法
enum Day {
    SUNDAY, MONDAY, TUESDAY, WENDSDAY, THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY;
}
枚举是常量,所以应该用大写。

2. 枚举是对象

枚举隐含地继承了java.lang.Enum,所以它具有java.lang.Enum的属性和方法。遍历枚举:
public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        for(Day day:Day.values()) {
            System.out.println(day);
        }
    }
}
3. 枚举可以带字段和方法,以下示例来自官方The Java™ Tutorials
public enum EnumDemo {
    AOBJECT("field one", "field two");

    private String field1;
    private String field2;

    EnumDemo(String val1, String val2){
        this.field1 = val1;
        this.field2 = val2;
    }

    public void printFields(){
        System.out.println(this.field1);
        System.out.println(this.field2);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        EnumDemo.AOBJECT.printFields();
    }
}
以下现实中的示例来自官方的Java Tutorial:
public enum Planet {
    MERCURY (3.303e+23, 2.4397e6),
    VENUS   (4.869e+24, 6.0518e6),
    EARTH   (5.976e+24, 6.37814e6),
    MARS    (6.421e+23, 3.3972e6),
    JUPITER (1.9e+27,   7.1492e7),
    SATURN  (5.688e+26, 6.0268e7),
    URANUS  (8.686e+25, 2.5559e7),
    NEPTUNE (1.024e+26, 2.4746e7);

    private final double mass;   // in kilograms
    private final double radius; // in meters

    Planet(double mass, double radius) {
        this.mass = mass;
        this.radius = radius;
    }

    private double mass() { return mass; }
    private double radius() { return radius; }

    // universal gravitational constant  (m3 kg-1 s-2)
    public static final double G = 6.67300E-11;

    double surfaceGravity() {
        return G * mass / (radius * radius);
    }

    double surfaceWeight(double otherMass) {
        return otherMass * surfaceGravity();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Double earthWeight = 120;
        for(Planet p: Planet.values()){
            System.out.println(p.surfaceGravity());
            System.out.println(p.surfaceWeight(earthWeight/EARTH.surfaceGravity()));
        }
    }
}
4. 枚举是singleton,可以用枚举来构建一个Singleton
public enum Singleton {
    INSTANCE(new String[]{"arg1", "arg2"});

    String[] myArgs;
    Singleton(String[] args){
        this.myArgs = args;
    }

    public static Singleton getInstance(){
        return INSTANCE;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        for(String arg : INSTANCE.myArgs)
            System.out.println(arg);
    }
}

希望本文所述对大家的Java程序设计有所帮助。

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