java实现两台服务器间文件复制的方法_java

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本文实例讲述了java实现两台服务器间文件复制的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体分析如下:

通常我们使用最多的文件复制功能就是同服务器之间的文件复制功能,这里介绍的是在普通文件复制上功能升级,可以实现两台服务器实现文件的复制,下面一起来看看代码。

1.服务器端
package sterning;
import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.net.ServerSocket;
import java.net.Socket;
public class ServerTest {
    int port = 8821;
    void start() {
        Socket s = null;
        try {
            ServerSocket ss = new ServerSocket(port);
            while (true) {
                // 选择进行传输的文件
                String filePath = "D:\\lib.rar";
                File fi = new File(filePath);
                System.out.println("文件长度:" + (int) fi.length());
                // public Socket accept() throws
                // IOException侦听并接受到此套接字的连接。此方法在进行连接之前一直阻塞。
                s = ss.accept();
                System.out.println("建立socket链接");
                DataInputStream dis = new DataInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(s.getInputStream()));
                dis.readByte();
                DataInputStream fis = new DataInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(filePath)));
                DataOutputStream ps = new DataOutputStream(s.getOutputStream());
                //将文件名及长度传给客户端。这里要真正适用所有平台,例如中文名的处理,还需要加工,具体可以参见Think In Java 4th里有现成的代码。
                ps.writeUTF(fi.getName());
                ps.flush();
                ps.writeLong((long) fi.length());
                ps.flush();
                int bufferSize = 8192;
                byte[] buf = new byte[bufferSize];
                while (true) {
                    int read = 0;
                    if (fis != null) {
                        read = fis.read(buf);
                    }
                    if (read == -1) {
                        break;
                    }
                    ps.write(buf, 0, read);
                }
                ps.flush();
                // 注意关闭socket链接哦,不然客户端会等待server的数据过来,
                // 直到socket超时,导致数据不完整。               
                fis.close();
                s.close();               
                System.out.println("文件传输完成");
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        new ServerTest().start();
    }
}
2.socket的Util辅助类
package sterning;
import java.net.*;
import java.io.*;
public class ClientSocket {
    private String ip;
    private int port;
    private Socket socket = null;
    DataOutputStream out = null;
    DataInputStream getMessageStream = null;
    public ClientSocket(String ip, int port) {
        this.ip = ip;
        this.port = port;
    }
    /** *//**
     * 创建socket连接
     *
     * @throws Exception
     *             exception
     */
    public void CreateConnection() throws Exception {
        try {
            socket = new Socket(ip, port);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            if (socket != null)
                socket.close();
            throw e;
        } finally {
        }
    }
    public void sendMessage(String sendMessage) throws Exception {
        try {
            out = new DataOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());
            if (sendMessage.equals("Windows")) {
                out.writeByte(0x1);
                out.flush();
                return;
            }
            if (sendMessage.equals("Unix")) {
                out.writeByte(0x2);
                out.flush();
                return;
            }
            if (sendMessage.equals("Linux")) {
                out.writeByte(0x3);
                out.flush();
            } else {
                out.writeUTF(sendMessage);
                out.flush();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            if (out != null)
                out.close();
            throw e;
        } finally {
        }
    }
    public DataInputStream getMessageStream() throws Exception {
        try {
            getMessageStream = new DataInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(socket.getInputStream()));
            return getMessageStream;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            if (getMessageStream != null)
                getMessageStream.close();
            throw e;
        } finally {
        }
    }
    public void shutDownConnection() {
        try {
            if (out != null)
                out.close();
            if (getMessageStream != null)
                getMessageStream.close();
            if (socket != null)
                socket.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
        }
    }
}
3.客户端
package sterning;
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
public class ClientTest {
    private ClientSocket cs = null;
    private String ip = "localhost";// 设置成服务器IP  private int port = 8821;
    private String sendMessage = "Windwos";
    public ClientTest() {
        try {
            if (createConnection()) {
                sendMessage();
                getMessage();
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    private boolean createConnection() {
        cs = new ClientSocket(ip, port);
        try {
            cs.CreateConnection();
            System.out.print("连接服务器成功!" + "\n");
            return true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.print("连接服务器失败!" + "\n");
            return false;
        }
    }
    private void sendMessage() {
        if (cs == null)
            return;
        try {
            cs.sendMessage(sendMessage);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.print("发送消息失败!" + "\n");
        }
    }
    private void getMessage() {
        if (cs == null)
            return;
        DataInputStream inputStream = null;
        try {
            inputStream = cs.getMessageStream();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.print("接收消息缓存错误\n");
            return;
        }
        try {
            //本地保存路径,文件名会自动从服务器端继承而来。
            String savePath = "E:\\";
            int bufferSize = 8192;
            byte[] buf = new byte[bufferSize];
            int passedlen = 0;
            long len=0;
           
            savePath += inputStream.readUTF();
            DataOutputStream fileOut = new DataOutputStream(new BufferedOutputStream(new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(savePath))));
            len = inputStream.readLong();
           
            System.out.println("文件的长度为:" + len + "\n");
            System.out.println("开始接收文件!" + "\n");
                   
            while (true) {
                int read = 0;
                if (inputStream != null) {
                    read = inputStream.read(buf);
                }
                passedlen += read;
                if (read == -1) {
                    break;
                }
                //下面进度条本为图形界面的prograssBar做的,这里如果是打文件,可能会重复打印出一些相同的百分比
                System.out.println("文件接收了" +  (passedlen * 100/ len) + "%\n");
                fileOut.write(buf, 0, read);
            }
            System.out.println("接收完成,文件存为" + savePath + "\n");
            fileOut.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("接收消息错误" + "\n");
            return;
        }
    }
    public static void main(String arg[]) {
        new ClientTest();
    }
}

希望本文所述对大家的java程序设计有所帮助。

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