《Head First 设计模式》代码之PHP版(面向对象学习)第1/2页_php技巧

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书中的例子都比较浅显易懂,不过由于是外国佬写的,所以例子的习惯不是很附合中国特色,可能偶尔看起来有些别扭,还有语言习惯也不是中国风。当然��看过这本书之后,你才能深刻理解设计模式到底能为你解决哪些问题,不能为你解决哪些问题(比如不能代替你的编码)。
  我将书中部分代码改成PHP,看下代码再配合概念应该是比较容易理解了。

策略模式

<?php
/**
* 策略模式
* 定义了算法族,分别封装起来,让它们之间可以互相替换,
* 此模式让算法的变化独立于使用算法的客户。
*/
//飞行行为接口
interface FlyBehavior {
public function fly();
}
//呱呱叫行为接口
interface QuackBehavior {
public function quack();
}
//翅膀飞行
class FlyWithWings implements FlyBehavior {
public function fly() {
echo "I'm flying!!\n";
}
}
//不会飞
class FlyNoWay implements FlyBehavior {
public function fly() {
echo "I can't fly!\n";
}
}
class FlyRocketPowered implements FlyBehavior {
public function fly() {
echo "I'm flying with a rocket!\n";
}
}
class Qquack implements QuackBehavior {
public function quack() {
echo "Quack\n";
}
}
class Squeak implements QuackBehavior {
public function quack() {
echo "Squeak\n";
}
}
class MuteQuack implements QuackBehavior {
public function quack() {
echo "<< Silence >>\n";
}
}
abstract class Duck {
protected $quack_obj;
protected $fly_obj;
public abstract function display();

public function performQuack() {
$this->quack_obj->quack();
}
public function performFly() {
$this->fly_obj->fly();
}
public function swim() {
echo "All ducks float, even decoys!\n";
}
public function setFlyBehavior(FlyBehavior $fb) {
$this->fly_obj = $fb;
}
public function setQuackBehavior(QuackBehavior $qb) {
$this->quack_obj = $qb;
}
}

class ModelDuck extends Duck {
public function __construct() {
$this->fly_obj = new FlyNoWay();
$this->quack_obj = new MuteQuack();
}
public function display() {
echo "I'm a model duck!\n";
}
}

$model = new ModelDuck();
$model->performFly();
$model->performQuack();
//提供新的能力
$model->setFlyBehavior(new FlyRocketPowered());
$model->setQuackBehavior(new Squeak());
$model->performFly();
$model->performQuack();

?>

单件模式

<?php
/**
* 单件模式
* 确保一个类只有一个实例,并提供一个全局访问点。
*/
class MyClass {
private static $uniqueInstance;
private function __construct() {

}
public static function getInstance() {
if (self::$uniqueInstance == null) {
self::$uniqueInstance = new MyClass();
}
return self::$uniqueInstance;
}
}
$myClass = MyClass::getInstance();
var_dump($myClass);
$myClass = MyClass::getInstance();
var_dump($myClass);
?>

工厂方法模式

<?php
abstract class PizzaStore {
public function orderPizza($type) {
$pizza = $this->createPizza($type);

$pizza->prepare();
$pizza->bake();
$pizza->cut();
$pizza->box();
return $pizza;
}

public abstract function createPizza($type);
}
class NYPizzaStore extends PizzaStore {
public function createPizza($type) {
if ($type == "cheese") {
return new NYStyleCheesePizza();
} elseif ($type == "veggie") {
return new NYStyleVeggiePizza();
} elseif ($type == "clam") {
return new NYStyleClamPizza();
} elseif ($type == "papperoni") {
return new NYStylePapperoniPizza();
} else {
return null;

}
}
}
class ChicagoPizzaStore extends PizzaStore {
public function createPizza($type) {
if ($type == "cheese") {
return new ChicagoStyleCheesePizza();
} elseif ($type == "veggie") {
return new ChicagoStyleVeggiePizza();
} elseif ($type == "clam") {
return new ChicagoStyleClamPizza();
} elseif ($type == "papperoni") {
return new ChicagoStylePapperoniPizza();
} else {
return null;
}
}
}
abstract class Pizza {
public $name;
public $dough;
public $sauce;
public $toppings = array();

public function prepare() {
echo "Preparing " . $this->name . "\n";
echo "Yossing dough...\n";
echo "Adding sauce...\n";
echo "Adding toppings: \n";
for ($i = 0; $i < count($this->toppings); $i++) {
echo " " . $this->toppings[$i] . "\n";
}
}

public function bake() {
echo "Bake for 25 minutes at 350\n";
}

public function cut() {
echo "Cutting the pizza into diagonal slices\n";
}

public function box() {
echo "Place pizza in official PizzaStore box\n";
}

public function getName() {
return $this->name;
}
}

class NYStyleCheesePizza extends Pizza {
public function __construct() {
$this->name = "NY Style Sauce and cheese Pizza";
$this->dough = "Thin Crust Dough";
$this->sauce = "Marinara Sauce";

$this->toppings[] = "Grated Reggiano Cheese";
}
}

class NYStyleVeggiePizza extends Pizza {
public function __construct() {
$this->name = "NY Style Sauce and veggie Pizza";
$this->dough = "Thin Crust Dough";
$this->sauce = "Marinara Sauce";

$this->toppings[] = "Grated Reggiano veggie";
}
}
class NYStyleClamPizza extends Pizza {
public function __construct() {
$this->name = "NY Style Sauce and clam Pizza";
$this->dough = "Thin Crust Dough";
$this->sauce = "Marinara Sauce";

$this->toppings[] = "Grated Reggiano clam";
}
}
class NYStylePapperoniPizza extends Pizza {
public function __construct() {
$this->name = "NY Style Sauce and papperoni Pizza";
$this->dough = "Thin Crust Dough";
$this->sauce = "Marinara Sauce";

$this->toppings[] = "Grated Reggiano papperoni";
}
}

class ChicagoStyleCheesePizza extends Pizza {
public function __construct() {
$this->name = "Chicago Style Deep Dish Cheese Pizza";
$this->dough = "Extra Thick Crust Dough";
$this->sauce = "Plum Tomato Sauce";

$this->toppings[] = "Shredded Mozzarella Cheese";
}

public function cut() {
echo "Cutting the pizza into square slices\n";
}
}

$myStore = new NYPizzaStore();
$chicagoStore = new ChicagoPizzaStore();
$pizza = $myStore->orderPizza("cheese");
echo "Ethan ordered a " . $pizza->getName() . "\n";

$pizza = $chicagoStore->orderPizza("cheese");
echo "Ethan ordered a " . $pizza->getName() . "\n";

?>

工厂模式

<?php
abstract class PizzaStore {
public function orderPizza($type) {
$pizza = $this->createPizza($type);

$pizza->prepare();
$pizza->bake();
$pizza->cut();
$pizza->box();
return $pizza;
}

public abstract function createPizza($type);
}
class NYPizzaStore extends PizzaStore {
public function createPizza($type) {
$pizza = null;
$ingredientFactory = new NYPizzaIngredientFactory();
if ($type == "cheese") {
$pizza = new CheesePizza($ingredientFactory);
$pizza->setName('New York Style Cheese Pizza');
} elseif ($type == "veggie") {
$pizza = new VeggiePizza($ingredientFactory);
$pizza->setName('New York Style Veggie Pizza');
} elseif ($type == "clam") {
$pizza = new ClamPizza($ingredientFactory);
$pizza->setName('New York Style Clam Pizza');
} elseif ($type == "papperoni") {
$pizza = new PapperoniPizza($ingredientFactory);
$pizza->setName('New York Style Papperoni Pizza');
}
return $pizza;
}
}
class ChicagoPizzaStore extends PizzaStore {
public function createPizza($type) {
if ($type == "cheese") {
return new ChicagoStyleCheesePizza();
} elseif ($type == "veggie") {
return new ChicagoStyleVeggiePizza();
} elseif ($type == "clam") {
return new ChicagoStyleClamPizza();
} elseif ($type == "papperoni") {
return new ChicagoStylePapperoniPizza();
} else {
return null;
}
}
}
interface PizzaIngredientFactory {
public function createDough();
public function createSauce();
public function createCheese();
public function createVeggies();
public function createPepperoni();
public function createClam();
}
class NYPizzaIngredientFactory implements PizzaIngredientFactory {
public function createDough() {
return new ThinCrustDough();
}
public function createSauce() {
return new MarinaraSauce();
}
public function createCheese() {
return new ReggianoCheese();
}
public function createVeggies() {
$veggies = array(
new Garlic(),
new Onion(),
new Mushroom(),
new RedPepper(),
);
return $veggies;
}
public function createPepperoni() {
return new SlicedPepperoni();
}
public function createClam() {
return new FreshClams();
}
}
class ChicagoPizzaIngredientFactory implements PizzaIngredientFactory {
public function createDough() {
return new ThickCrustDough();
}
public function createSauce() {
return new PlumTomatoSauce();
}
public function createCheese() {
return new Mozzarella();
}
public function createVeggies() {
$veggies = array(
new BlackOlives(),
new Spinach(),
new EggPlant(),
);
return $veggies;
}
public function createPepperoni() {
return new SlicedPepperoni();
}
public function createClam() {
return new FrozenClams();
}
}
abstract class Pizza {
public $name;
public $dough;
public $sauce;
public $veggies = array();
public $cheese;
public $pepperoni;
public $clam;

public abstract function prepare();

public function bake() {
echo "Bake for 25 minutes at 350\n";
}

public function cut() {
echo "Cutting the pizza into diagonal slices\n";
}

public function box() {
echo "Place pizza in official PizzaStore box\n";
}

public function getName() {
return $this->name;
}

public function setName($name) {
$this->name = $name;
}

public function __toString() {

}
}

class CheesePizza extends Pizza {
public $ingredientFactory;

public function __construct(PizzaIngredientFactory $ingredientFactory) {
$this->ingredientFactory = $ingredientFactory;
}

public function prepare() {
echo "Preparing " . $this->name . "\n";
$this->dough = $this->ingredientFactory->createDough();
$this->sauce = $this->ingredientFactory->createSauce();
$this->cheese = $this->ingredientFactory->createCheese();
}
}

class ClamPizza extends Pizza {
public $ingredientFactory;

public function __construct(PizzaIngredientFactory $ingredientFactory) {
$this->ingredientFactory = $ingredientFactory;
}

public function prepare() {
echo "Preparing " . $this->name . "\n";
$this->dough = $this->ingredientFactory->createDough();
$this->sauce = $this->ingredientFactory->createSauce();
$this->cheese = $this->ingredientFactory->createCheese();
$clam = $this->ingredientFactory->createClam();
}
}

$nyPizzaStore = new NYPizzaStore();
$nyPizzaStore->orderPizza('cheese');
?>


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