plsql和tsql常用函数比对_oracle

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数学函数
1.绝对值
S:select abs(-1) value
O:select abs(-1) value from dual

2.取整(大)
S:select ceiling(-1.001) value
O:select ceil(-1.001) value from dual

3.取整(小)
S:select floor(-1.001) value
O:select floor(-1.001) value from dual

4.取整(截取)
S:select cast(-1.002 as int) value
O:select trunc(-1.002) value from dual

5.四舍五入
S:select round(1.23456,4) value 1.23460
O:select round(1.23456,4) value from dual 1.2346

6.e为底的幂
S:select Exp(1) value 2.7182818284590451
O:select Exp(1) value from dual 2.71828182

7.取e为底的对数
S:select log(2.7182818284590451) value 1
O:select ln(2.7182818284590451) value from dual; 1

8.取10为底对数
S:select log10(10) value 1
O:select log(10,10) value from dual; 1

9.取平方
S:select SQUARE(4) value 16
O:select power(4,2) value from dual 16

10.取平方根
S:select SQRT(4) value 2
O:select SQRT(4) value from dual 2

11.求任意数为底的幂
S:select power(3,4) value 81
O:select power(3,4) value from dual 81

12.取随机数
S:select rand() value
O:select sys.dbms_random.value(0,1) value from dual;

13.取符号
S:select sign(-8) value -1
O:select sign(-8) value from dual -1

14.圆周率
S:SELECT PI() value 3.1415926535897931
O:不知道

15.sin,cos,tan 参数都以弧度为单位
例如:select sin(PI()/2) value 得到1(SQLServer)

16.Asin,Acos,Atan,Atan2 返回弧度

17.弧度角度互换(SQLServer,Oracle不知道)
DEGREES:弧度-〉角度
RADIANS:角度-〉弧度

数值间比较

18. 求集合最大值
S:select max(value) value from
(select 1 value
union
select -2 value
union
select 4 value
union
select 3 value)a

O:select greatest(1,-2,4,3) value from dual

19. 求集合最小值
S:select min(value) value from
(select 1 value
union
select -2 value
union
select 4 value
union
select 3 value)a

O:select least(1,-2,4,3) value from dual

20.如何处理null值(F2中的null以10代替)
S:select F1,IsNull(F2,10) value from Tbl
O:select F1,nvl(F2,10) value from Tbl

21.求字符序号
S:select ascii( ‘a ‘) value
O:select ascii( ‘a ‘) value from dual

22.从序号求字符
S:select char(97) value
O:select chr(97) value from dual

23.连接
S:select ‘11 ‘+ ‘22 ‘+ ‘33 ‘ value
O:select CONCAT( ‘11 ‘, ‘22 ‘)  33 value from dual

23.子串位置
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